If you have investigated a little about alopecia or baldness, you have surely had the question of What is Platelet Rich Plasma or PRP? Well, in this article we will help you to know more about this.
Video What is Platelet Rich Plasma?
We leave you the video in case you want a quick summary to know more about Plasma Rich in Platelets.
What is Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)?
Platelet Rich Plasma is an autologous therapy frequently used for the treatment of hair loss and rejuvenation.
PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) therapy for hair loss is a three-step medical treatment in which blood is extracted, processed, and injected into the scalp.
Some in the medical community think that PRP injections trigger natural hair growth and maintain it by increasing the blood supply to the hair follicle and increasing the thickness of the hair shaft. Sometimes this approach is combined with other hair loss treatments or medications.
There hasn't been enough research to prove if PRP is an effective hair loss treatment. However, PRP therapy has been used since the 80s. It has been used for problems such as healing tendons, ligaments, injured muscles, and dental procedures.
Where is the PRP obtained from?
In this therapy, a blood sample is taken from the patient. The blood is subjected to a centrifugation process to separate the platelet-rich fraction from the whole blood. Multiple growth factors are found in the platelet-rich fraction.
What are growth factors for?
These factors are highly concentrated in the preparation of Capillary Plasma. When injected directly into the scalp, they stimulate hair growth.
How does Platelet Rich Plasma in Hair work?
The mechanism by which growth is stimulated is by a shortening of the telogen phase a prolongation of the anagen phase.
Controversy over its effectiveness
There has not been enough research to prove if PRP is effective. It is also unclear for whom, and under what circumstances, it is most effective.
Although according to a recent study, “Although PRP has sufficient theoretical scientific basis to support its use in hair restoration, hair restoration using PRP is still in 'infancy'. The clinical evidence is still weak. '
Does the PRP only apply once?
For the therapy to work optimally it must be applied periodically.
PRP therapy process
PRP therapy is a three-step process. Most PRP therapies require three treatments 4 to 6 weeks apart.
Maintenance treatments are required every 4-6 months.
Blood is drawn - typically from your arm - and put into a centrifuge (a machine that spins rapidly to separate fluids of different densities).
After about 10 minutes in the centrifuge, your blood will have separated into three layers:
- White blood cells
- Red blood cells
Plasma is separated into 3 visually indistinguishable portions or fractions, but within them there is a different concentration of platelets:
- Platelet Poor Plasma
- Platelet Medium
- Platelet Rich Plasma
Platelet-rich plasma is drawn into a syringe and then injected into the areas of the scalp that need further hair growth.
PRP for hair loss side effects
Because PRP therapy involves injecting your own blood into the scalp, you are not at risk of contracting a contagious disease or relevant side reactions.
Still, any therapy that involves injections always carries a risk of side effects such as:
- Injury to blood vessels or nerves
- Calcification at injection sites
- Healing tissue
There is also the possibility that you will have a negative reaction to the anesthesia used in therapy, if you have previously received anesthesia.
Risks of PRP for hair loss
Be sure to report all medications you take prior to the procedure, including supplements, herbs, or home remedies.
When you go to your initial consultation, they will advise you not to do PRP for hair loss if:
- You are taking blood thinners
- You are a chain smoker
- Have a history of alcohol or drug abuse
You can also be rejected for treatment if you have been diagnosed with:
- Acute or chronic infections
- Chronic liver disease
- Chronic skin disease
- Hemodynamic instability
- Metabolic disorder
- Platelet dysfunction syndromes
- Systemic disorder
- Low platelet count
- Thyroid disease
If you decide to do Platelet Rich Plasma for hair loss, you can write to us and schedule an appointment to learn more about this autologous procedure.