Hair Alopecia Alopecia or Baldness: Definitive Guide

Alopecia or Baldness: Definitive Guide

Introduction

Alopecia or baldness is a health and aesthetic problem that presents a greater incidence every day, this secondary to different factors, such as: stress, pollution, among others.

First of all, it is important to note that all people lose between 100 and 200 hairs per day. This is completely normal and should not concern us. However, if the drop is greater than that or we begin to see what holes are formed in our scalp; then we could be talking about an alopecia problem.

Hair Growth Phases
Hair Growth Phases

It is important to mention that hair loss is not always related to alopecia problems.

What is alopecia?

Alopecia is a problem that arises from thinning and progressive hair loss.

We know that it is a condition that not only affects you physically, but emotionally too, because the moment the hair stops receiving the essentials to regrow or regenerate, there is a loss of nutrients that causes weakness in the follicle, so So much comes off and falls off the head with ease.

Are there home remedies for alopecia?

Going to a doctor will always be the best option to take care of the root problem of alopecia that afflicts you, since it will know the exact details that will help give you a successful treatment.

However, nature has also provided us with some tools that can benefit you in controlling hair loss. Do you want to know what they are?

Human beings are characterized by finding solutions to different problems. In this case, the problem of alopecia has various home remedies on the web because we want to find something to repair the damage of hair loss without spending on expensive treatments.

But it is important to take into account that it is not the same to look for home remedies for baldness or alopecia, as to hydrate and grow hair. The difference is that growing hair is based on the length it has, on the other hand, with alopecia, it is making new hair grow in areas where there is none.

Growing hair with natural ingredients, when there is an alopecia problem, can be tricky. This is because in alopecia, many times the follicle that is responsible for growing new hair has fallen out; when one follicle ceases to exist there is no possibility of growing another.

Therefore, a follicle cannot be regenerated because it is not in its nature to do so. So are there home remedies for alopecia? No.

On the web you will find an endless number of home remedies, such as chili shampoo, spreading garlic, onion, coconut oil, green tea among others, and none of them has proven scientific evidence of their efficiency, therefore they will not work. .

The only results you will have, in this case for alopecia, will not be satisfactory, because you simply will not see changes and you will only have damaged your scalp and the rest of your hair.

For this reason, it is advisable to first go to a specialist doctor to help you solve your problem; You will see that the results will be better than you expected.

How to avoid, cure and combat alopecia?

Desperate for the loss of your hair? What to do to stop so much fall? Alopecia as such is a problem that has no cure, since it is not a disease, but a condition that is generated from a root cause. However, it can be avoided and there are treatments that can help you fight it in case you already have the problem.

Alopecia is a problem that is triggered by another. In many cases, the problem is internal, as it may be the result of some disease that is causing your hair to fall out or that you are not properly nourishing your body.

The recommended thing to combat or prevent hair loss is to start by taking care of yourself from the inside; Maintain a healthy diet, exercise and drink more water, as all this helps the blood to be more nutritious for your hair and in this way it can grow stronger.

On the other hand, healing from alopecia is only possible if you see a specialist doctor, he is the only one who can give you a solution to the problem. This is because alopecia is the loss of the follicle and the thinning of the hair until only the skin that covers the skull, that is, the scalp, is seen.

For this reason, the best thing you can do is go to the doctor, since his knowledge will make you feel better with the results you expect, thanks to his timely guidance.

How do you know if you have alopecia?

Sometimes we can misinterpret the daily fall of our hair with the fact that we can go bald, but how to distinguish between one event and another? To give you a better idea, there are signs and symptoms that can help you get to know it; however do not trust yourself, this is not a diagnosis.

The signs that can help you to have better orientation about your hair loss are: redness and itching on the scalp, weakness and easy shedding of hair in great quantity when you wash or brush it.

As we mentioned before, the above signs can also be interpreted for other skin diseases, so an exact diagnosis can only be provided by a specialist doctor.

Alopecia is a real problem for people who suffer from it, since this is because the hair or follicle falls out and does not grow back. This problem occurs commonly in 64% of men from the age of forty. Likewise, it also occurs with 30% of women from the same age.

On average people lose between 100 and 200 hairs a day, which is considered normal.

However, when hair loss is greater than normal, and with this there are holes in the scalp, the hair begins to thin noticeably, and you can see the scalp; In addition, you begin to have loss of hair density (volume) is when you can already consider an alopecia problem.

In addition to presenting significant thinning and hair loss, it is also identified with itching or redness. Has it started to itch in certain areas of the scalp or have you felt redness in those areas? If so, this could be another symptom of alopecia.

In the case of women, a common symptom is when a weakness of the hair begins to appear in the upper area of ​​the head, and in men, the fall occurs in the frontal area, at the temples and / or in the upper head region.

Factors that cause it

There are also other factors that increase hair loss, for example:

  • Stress: Whether emotional or physical, for example being going through a difficult time or having surgery or illness.
  • Pregnancy and childbirth: Due to all the hormonal changes that take place during this stage, an acute hair loss is frequent. This usually resolves only after a few months.
  • Medication: Like anticoagulants, antidepressants, and contraceptives, they can cause hair loss.
  • Hormonal problems: People who have conditions that affect hormone levels, such as hypothyroidism, have more hair loss and thinning.
  • Diseases: Like diabetes, lupus, and some rare infections, they can lead to hair loss.

Already specifically talking about the alopecia, it is defined as abnormal hair loss or decreased hair density. In addition to the head, it also affects other areas of the body, such as the eyebrows, eyelashes, and body hair. When it affects the scalp, it is also known as baldness.

Types of baldness

There are many types of alopecia with very different causes and clinical manifestations. However, they can be divided into two large groups:

1. Non-scarring alopecia: in them the hair shaft is lost, but the follicle remains relatively intact. Therefore it is possible to recover the hair with some treatment.

2. Scarring alopecia: they are infrequent, they present damage or malformation, or destruction of the follicles. This may be due to a disease of the follicle or independent of it. As the follicle is destroyed, the hair does not recover.

If you think you have an alopecia problem, see a doctor, since some alopecia, they are not scars at first, but if the process continues, you are become scars. And therefore, your hair could be permanently lost.

Hair loss or baldness
We lose between 100 and 200 hairs a day

Non-scarring alopecia

Now we are going to talk in more detail about the different types of alopecia. First we will start with non-scarring alopecia.

Androgenetic alopecia

  • It is the most frequent type of alopecia. Up to half of men suffer from this problem after the age of 50. It affects both men and women. Although the pattern of loss and the frequency with which it occurs is different between both sexes. This hair loss generates a lot of stress in people who suffer it and causes many consequences on an emotional level. It is produced by a combination of factors including the person's genetics, hormone levels, and environmental factors. In later articles we will talk in much more detail about this type of alopecia.
Age and alopecia
In over 50 years can present up to 50%

alopecia areata

  • This is a frequent type of alopecia. It is an inflammatory form of hair loss that has an autoimmune origin. Whether a person has this type of alopecia depends on genetic predisposition combined with some emotional or environmental stress, which triggers hair loss in a circular shape. This alopecia can be completely reversed or continue to evolve until all the hair on the head (total) or even the entire body (universal) is lost.
Genetics and alopecia or baldness
Genetic predisposition and stress favor the presence of Alopecia Areata

Traumatic or traction alopecia

  • Some physical trauma occurs. The most common is traction alopecia, which is caused by subjecting the hair to constant traction. It is common in people who wear very tight hairstyles or who brush their hair too hard. Trichotillomania is also within this group. This kind of baldness is caused by the repeated habit of pulling hair. When the habit is very frequent, the follicle is damaged and the hair does not return.

Diffuse alopecia:

  • In this type, a loss of hair density occurs. The general characteristic of this type is that it is not located in a particular area of ​​the scalp.

Alopecia due to hereditary syndromes:

  • For example, congenital atrichia, that is, the absence of follicles from birth. Therefore, these people do not have hair.
Stress and alopecia or baldness
Stress is a factor related to alopecia

Scar alopecia

Now we will talk about scarring alopecia. These types of alopecia are not as frequent.

According to their cause, they are divided into different groups; for example:

  • Associated with hereditary diseases, like the epidermal nevus or Darier's disease.
  • For infectious diseases: Mainly caused by fungi. Although some bacteria, as in the case of tuberculosis or leprosy may be involved.
  • For neoplastic diseases: Some specific types of tumors can be associated with alopecia.
  • For dermatosis: This baldness is caused by a group of skin diseases, which when they affect the scalp can cause scarring alopecia. In this group are diseases such as lichen planus, scleroderma, and sarcoidosis.

Alopecia treatments

How do I know which hair loss treatment is best for me? Knowing the cause and type of baldness or alopecia you suffer, is one of the key points to define the treatment that best suits your needs and ensure that the results are exactly what you want.

Alopecia is a problem where the follicle is no longer nourishing enough to grow. Alopecia, when it can still be treated with products, can achieve good results. Would you dare to try them?

Ketoconazole

It is one of the most requested products and is a shampoo that is commonly used to treat dandruff, but it is also used as a treatment for greater effectiveness against baldness.

Minoxidil

It is a hair lotion that helps increase blood flow and therefore the follicles can receive more oxygen and nutrients. In this way the follicle will be nourished and will be able to grow significantly. For a satisfactory result, the use of this lotion should be daily, at least twice a day. One in the day and one at night, for example.

Finasteride or Finasteride

It intervenes in the baldness process. It increases hair growth and prevents hair loss. Administration is orally and specifically this treatment can only be taken by men.

Dutasteride or Dutasteride.

It is a treatment for alopecia where hair treatment is accelerated.

Hair Mesotherapy

This treatment can improve the quality of life of the hair. It consists of applying by means of small injections, natural extracts of plants, vitamins and medicines to the scalp. It is used to avoid the first symptoms of baldness in both sexes.

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)

It consists of the application of injections prepared with centrifuged blood from your own body into the scalp, and that when used penetrates into the interior of the follicle, which will later grow more strongly because a lot of blood will circulate in the follicle.

LLLT (Low Level Light Therapy)

It works as a laser for hair. This procedure stimulates their growth and is a non-invasive or painful method and has no side effects either. It can be used in women and men who have androgenetic, diffuse, or areata alopecia. This helps to oxygenate and regenerate the hair in its follicles, since the laser light that enters is low intensity, so it ends up penetrating the scalp and thus helps the cells absorb more nutrients than it has.

In other words, it is important to note that the treatments mentioned above only work in people who are starting with the problem of baldness. Otherwise, not much can be done in people who have more advanced baldness, because the follicle is already lost and therefore there is nowhere to apply the treatment.

Alopecia Video

Alopecia Video

More information

  1. Harvard Health: https://www.health.harvard.edu

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Dr. Enrique Orozco
Dr. Enrique Orozcohttps://dreoclinic.com/
General Director, Specialist in Trichology and Hair Transplantation Certified by ABHRS. Only ABHRS Certified with residence in Mexico.

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General Director, Specialist in Trichology and Hair Transplantation Certified by ABHRS. Only ABHRS Certified with residence in Mexico.

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